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About the MOLLE system

Views: 215     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-03-03      Origin: Site

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Individual soldier Module Lightweight Carrying gear (MOLLE)


The MOLLE (pronounced "Molly") is a replacement for the old ALICE (Multi-Purpose Lightweight Personal Carrying System) backpack used by the United States Army and Marine Corps, proposed in 1974 and followed by the integrated Individual Combat System in 1988.


The origin of the MOLLE Backpack


MOLLE was officially proposed in 1994 when the U.S. Department of Defense began looking for a replacement for ALICE's backpack. In 1996, the U.S. Army and Marine Corps conducted a survey, which resulted in a proposal plan for a modular, durable, and comfortable carrying system, resulting in MOLLE.


The U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine in Nedick, Mass., assisted with the biomechanical research project to find the most effective carrying methods and to investigate differences in carrying equipment and human performance. The Center for Military Physics and Mechanics Research (CMBR) compared the Commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) in-frame backpack to the standard version of ALICE, and found that the commercial backpack carried 75 pounds of items with reduced energy consumption and lower displacement. The lower energy consumption attributes of commercial backpacks and the better walking posture displayed while carrying are attributed to their bulk construction and the loading center in the corresponding centralized location. The relatively narrow and long commercial backpack provides a more ideal device center for storing items than ALICE.

While the idea of a commercial finished backpack with a built-in frame as a replacement for the ALICE backpack was rejected, in part because of its lack of heat dissipation, a similar volume structure was incorporated into the design of the modular Lightweight Carrying Device (MOLLE) backpack. Other biomechanical benefits -- such as belts that distribute loads -- were also used in MOLLE's design.

The prototype MOLLE was developed by the U.S. Army Soldier Systems Center, Nedick, Mass. The new technology was used in MOLLE's framework, which was first used in the construction of Nedic's rapid prototyping device model. Instead of the aluminum tubes used in ALICE, the new structural profile frame is uniquely made from plastic used in auto bumpers, which significantly improves durability and extends the operating temperature range from -40 ° F to 120 ° F.

The MOLLE prototype was evaluated by the Center for Military Physics and Mechanics Research, and due to its demonstrated characteristics and performance, the MOLLE Backpack was approved as a replacement for the ALICE Backpack as the standard individual carrying device for the Army and Marine Corps. Soldiers from the 25th Infantry Division in Hawaii spent six months testing the MOLLE system, which received positive reviews even when carrying more than 120 pounds. The Army also considered the results of extensive testing of MOLLE prototypes by female soldiers. Based on the results, MOLLE's size was reduced slightly to suit the needs of men and women.


Special Defense, of Danmore, Pa., was awarded the first contract to manufacture the MOLLE system, beginning production of 216,000 MOLLE systems for all Marines and the Army's front-line forces in October 2001. The 1200MOLLE backpack system, added in February 2002, was issued to the Marine Expeditionary Group deployed to Afghanistan.


By 2003, MOLLE kits were no longer widely distributed and were mainly distributed to units deployed in Afghanistan, with a small number used in Iraq. Initially, MOLLE produced in woodland camo, with desert camo versions appearing in 2004 and universal camo pattern versions starting production in 2006.

MOLLE is a complete modular carrying system consisting of a carrying vest with backpack-style handles, a main backpack with a sundry accessory bag and a sleeping bag area attached to the loading external frame. The MOLLE also has a patrol pack, which can be used on its own or in conjunction with the main pack for increased carrying capacity. MOLLE can be assembled in a variety of different combinations to meet the load requirements of different tasks. Camisole can be worn frequently and carry magazines and grenades through attached pockets. The attachment on the vest is specially designed, and the outer frame of the main backpack is attached to the waistband of the vest to transfer the load from the shoulders and back to the hips, because the strength of the hips helps people carry more items with less energy.


Nylon mesh vests with removable pockets for different carrying requirements are an important component of the MOLLE system. Different versions of the carrying vest are designed for each member of a team, including rifleman, pistol soldier, automatic weapon soldier, grenade soldier and medical soldier.


With its new suspension system, MOLLE has also developed carrying capacity. Straps and belts with heavy padding can be adjusted to fit the length of the torso, rather than just two sizes like ALICE. More weight is distributed to the shoulders and hips, and after a run in, the soldier can shift and adjust the weight distribution to his own comfort.

The Combat Carry (FLC) replaces the Carry Carry (LBE) mesh belt and ALICE suspenders. FLCS significantly increase the amount of ammunition a soldier can carry and distribute weight evenly along the torso. Vests do not use metal fasteners, which are too heavy and prone to skin injury. The back of the vest has a H-strap to reduce heat accumulation. The vest can be adjusted to any size, and because the body of the vest is high, the soldier can share the load on the hip by fastening the MOLLE frame belt under the FLC. The FLC has three covered pockets (each of which can carry two 30-round magazines), two grenade bags, and two kettle bags.


The main backpack has a front pocket for Kramer anti-infantry mines. Inside is a cartridge pouch that holds six 30-round magazines and a removable tactical radio pocket. The pack has a detachable accessory bag on each side for Individual Combat rations (MRE) with extra room to save, and a sleeping compartment for the Army's new modular sleeping bag on its lower side.


All of MOLLE's large pockets -- such as the outer pockets of the main backpack -- have D-rings for carrying items through hooks, and the packs have see-through plastic identification Windows so soldiers don't have to mark MOLLE's camo polyurethane-coated nylon fabric or paste their names. Each system comes with two 6-inch strapping cords for carrying large objects, such as mortar pallets or 5-gallon containers. If one of the plastic buckles breaks, the system includes a repair kit with a simple backup replacement.


Each MOLLE system comes with an on-the-go water bag to complement the 1-quart water bottle. The standard public release version cannot be used in biocontaminated environments, but will continue to be used until mobile drinking water systems are developed for use in all environments.


Using a detachable backpack makes it easier to adapt to tasks. It can take 72 hours or nearly as long for soldiers to deal with problems and get rid of them, and the backpacks are used to carry equipment (such as extra water, rations and ammunition). The modular design allows you to drop the large backpack and remove the detachable backpack when you move to your destination. The side utility bag can be removed from the main pack and attached to the patrol bag to provide the same amount of carrying as the medium ALICE backpack.


The innovative MOLLE system's interlacing webbing of PALS became the standard way to attach small bags, PALS, and other accessories to MOLLE equipment and most other systems developed after MOLLE, such as bulletproof armor, carrier gear, or vest.


MOLLE fitting Type 2

Feedback from battlefield users on the first version of the MOLLE system led to planned changes to some components of MOLLE. After making these changes, MOLLE developed into MOLLE Type 2. Specific changes include:

· The quick-release frame for fully embedded combat carrying vests (LBVS) was removed

· The "probe and slot" structure was changed to a quick-release structure in order to fit the belt permanently installed in the frame

· MOLLE Type 2 permanent additional belt in one size (NATO storage number 8465-01-465-2109, same as MOLLE system small size belt)

· MOLLE Combat Carry Vest (LBV) was redesigned with the moulded belt removed and named MOLLE Combat Carry (FLC) Type 2 (NATO storage number 8465-01-465-2056, same as MOLLE system LBV Combat Carry vest)

· Extended function of MOLLE vest, hence cancellation of utility belt (NATO Warehouse No. 8465-01-465-2082)

· MOLLE butt bag replaced by MOLLE Type 2 system waist (NATO storage number unchanged)

· MOLLE Type 2 system with multi-function/kettle bag (NATO Storage No. 8465-01-484-0450)

· MOLLE Single 30 round bag cancelled (NATO Warehouse No. 8465-01-465-2079)


MOLLE was improved for the Army and replaced with a new product for the Marine Corps

Based on battlefield user feedback on the initial version of MOLLE, the MOLLE system has been modified to remove the quick-release frame that is integrated into the combat carrying vest. The revisions also allow developers to replace the "probes and slots" structure with a quick release structure in order to make better use of the traditional permanently mounted belt, which has caused difficulties for many soldiers and Marines.


In Afghanistan, troops noticed that when MOLLE bags were stuffed, the zipper would snap open. Another disadvantage is that the straps are slightly shorter and cannot be adjusted easily through bulletproof armor such as PASGT or Blocker. MOLLE has been improved to offer zippers with locking features and longer straps.


Still dissatisfied with the improved MOLLE system, the Marine Corps replaced the MOLLE system (and the older ALICE system (multi-purpose lightweight personal Carrying system) with an improved ILBE.


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